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A Puzzling History


To celebrate the launch of our Puzzle Academy, we’re delving into the puzzling world to see what we can learn about the history of one of our favourite pastimes – puzzling!


Whimsical Wordplay


You may have noticed that we love a bit of wordplay here at Treasure Trails. In fact, for International Joke Day last year, our Pun Master, Tris, released 76 cheesy Treasure Trails puns to give us a good giggle.

Puns – both humorous and non-humorous – can be found in centuries literature; Lewis Carrol was a fan, as was James Joyce. The title of ‘King of Puns’ has to go to William Shakespeare, who used over 3,000 puns in his plays! Sorry, Pun Master Tris, that trumps your 76…


William Shakespeare Wearing a Crown | A Puzzling History
William Shakespeare: King of Puns!


It’s not really surprising that Lewis Carrol loved wordplay, considering the creative and colourful way he used language within his books. But, he also invented the popular word puzzle Doublets (sometimes called a Word Ladder) which you may have stumbled upon in an issue of Puzzler or the puzzle page in a newspaper.


Doublets | A Puzzling History
An example of Doublets.


Powerful Palindromes


It’s not just puns that have kept us entertained throughout history, though. Our ancestors loved a good palindrome – a word, phrase or sequence that’s spelt the same backwards as forwards.

One famous, ancient example can be found in the Sator Square – a five-line Latin palindrome. It has been found in various historic locations across the world including here in the UK, etched into the wall of a Roman house in Cirencester. However, the oldest version of the word square was discovered in the ruins of Pompeii, meaning it existed before 79AD!


Scrabble Sator Square | A Puzzling Autumn
A Scrabbling Sator Square.


There are debates over what the phrase in the Sator Square stands for, but it is assumed to say: “The farmer Arepo holds and works the wheel (plough)”, with Arepo being a given name.

Many have attributed magical properties to the Sator Square – and palindromes in general – as they believed the repeated words would confuse demons. This is why palindromes and word squares can be spotted st several religious sites across the globe.


Palindrome on a Church Font | A Puzzling History
A Greek palindrome of the font at St Martin’s Church in Ludgate. Credit to Andrewrabbott [CC BY-SA 4.0].


Riddle Me This


Another type of wordplay we love here at Treasure Trails is a riddle, probably even more than we love anagrams (and, if you’re a keen Trailer, you’ll know we LOVE those!).

One of the oldest, most famous riddles in history is The Riddle of the Sphinx, from Greek mythology. The story goes that a sphinx was sent to guard the entrance to Thebes, a city in Greece. The sphinx would ask all travellers a riddle and allow passage into the city for those who could answer, not that any could (you don’t want to know what happened to those who couldn’t).


The Riddle of the Sphinx | A Puzzling History
The Riddle of the Sphinx – can you guess the answer?


Eventually, Oedipus  – a tragic hero in Greek mythology – was able to best the sphinx with his answer: Man. He said that man crawls on all fours as a baby, walks on two feet as an adult and uses a third foot – a walking cane – to keep his balance when elderly.

However, this isn’t actually the oldest riddle. The first recorded riddle was discovered in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, named after Alexander Henry Rhind who purchased the papyrus in 1858 after it was said to be found during an illegal excavation. The papyrus, an example of mathematics in ancient Egypt, dates all the way back to circa 1550BC!

In amongst the numerous mathematical problems recorded in the five-metre long document, sits the oldest recorded riddle that has been discovered. It goes a little something like this:

There are seven houses;
In each house there are seven cats;
Each cat catches seven mice;
Each mouse would have eaten seven ears of corn;
If sown, each ear of corn would have produced seven hekat of grain.
How many things are mentioned altogether?

Sound familiar? That’s because it sounds a lot like the English nursery rhyme “As I Was Going to St Ives”, made popular in the 18th-century.

Of course, as well as being a riddle, it forms a mathematical problem on the textbook-like papyrus, with the answer of 19,607! Although, with the St Ives version, the most popular belief is the answer is one – because YOU are going to St Ives.


The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus | A Puzzling History
A section of the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, currently looked after by The British Museum.


Strength in Numbers


School maths lessons may have seemed like a bit of a drag but looking back, a lot of the problems and equations solved have their roots in ancient mathematical puzzles. If we revisit the Rhind Papyrus, we see everything from geometry to algebra, arithmetic to tables of data, all seen as puzzles for ancient scholars to learn.


Let’s Get Logical


Not all mathematical problems are as simple as numbers on a page. For instance, take the Towers of Hanoi – a popular problem invented by French mathematician Edouard Lucas in 1883.

The puzzle involved three vertical pegs and a number of rings of varying sizes, stacked on the first peg with the largest ring on the bottom and the smallest on the top. The rings have to be moved, one at a time, from the first peg to the last peg and stacked in the same order. But, here’s the catch, a smaller ring can NEVER be placed below a larger ring.

The puzzle has proved popular, both in physical form and even as an online game! Can you crack it?


Tower of Hanoi | A Puzzling History
The Towers of Hanoi puzzle game. Credit to Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason [CC BY-SA 3.0].


Taking Shape


You might know Archimedes thanks to his “Eureka!” moment in the bath when he discovered that water displacement can measure density. But he’s also one of the greatest mathematicians of all times (and engineers and inventors and astronomers… he was busy!). An ancient mathematical problem, attributed to Archimedes, is a dissection puzzle known as the Stomachion (or Ostomachion).

The puzzle contains 14 shapes inside a square, with the goal of taking the square apart and trying to fit the pieces back into place. Although some puzzlers also enjoyed rearranging the pieces to form pictures of birds and other animals.


Stomachion | A Puzzling History
Archimedes’ Stomachion. Try printing it off, cutting it out and trying to solve it!


The Stomachion was almost lost forever when a manuscript containing it, copied from Archimedes original work in the 10th century, was scraped off and reused as a prayer book in the 13th century! Luckily, centuries later, the text underneath the prayers – known as The Archimedes Palimpsest – was recovered, thanks to modern technology.

Since its discovery, many mathematicians have wondered just how many solutions there are to the Stomachion. Well, one clever-clogs called Bill Cutler gave it a go and discovered 536 distinct solutions!


Not as Old as you Look!


One surprising thing is how modern so many popular puzzles actually are. Pick up a puzzle book, and you’ll see crosswords and wordsearches and codewords and so on. But, did you know that the crossword – as we know it – was only invented in 1913?


A Timeline of Modern Puzzles | A Puzzling History
A timeline of modern puzzles that aren’t as old as you might think!


Another popular puzzle that crops up in a typical puzzle book – a favourite of Treasure Trails’ Resident Wordsmith, Rachel – is the logic puzzle, which involves deduction and, often, a grid. The goal is to determine a set of correct answers using only the limited information given to you.

You’d think this style of puzzle could go all the way back to the Rhind Papyrus or Archimedes, right? In fact, it only began to emerge in the 19th-century thanks to popular author – you guessed it – Lewis Carrol. In fact, he even wrote books about logic problems in amongst his other writing, photographic and religious pursuits!

Although these brainteasers may not seem that old, just by delving into the history of puzzles and problems, you can see how modern puzzles have been influenced by the past.


Join The Puzzle Academy


Are you a puzzling fanatic in need of a good challenge? Then join in with our Treasure Trails Puzzle Academy!


Treasure Trails Puzzle Academy Logo | A Puzzling Autumn
Introducing the Treasure Trails Puzzle Academy


Simply, sign up below, and you will receive an email every three days with a different, quick puzzle for you to solve, with a total of 14 puzzles. Be sure to submit your answer to each puzzle. We’ll update your position on the Puzzle Academy leaderboard.

IMPORTANT – you need to be signed up before 23rd October 2020 to ensure you receive all puzzles in time to make the top of the leaderboard, and that you are only using one (consistent) Puzzle Master Name per email address.

Every Academy member who successfully solves all 14 puzzles before the tables close will win a free Trail. Don’t worry if you don’t quite get full marks; if you answer every puzzle (right or wrong) you’ll have a chance to win a Cryptex and £50 with one final brain-teasing question!

Take your time with the puzzles but be sure to have completed them all before 4th December 2020!


The Cryptex Prize | A Puzzling Autumn
The grand prize!


Join the Puzzle Academy:

Sorry! Enrolment to the Puzzle Academy is now closed! But don’t worry – if you’ve missed out, we’ll be releasing all the puzzles once the competition is over in December for you to do #justforfun so keep an eye on our social media pages.


Get Social


If you’re still hungry for more puzzles, check out our Facebook page and join in with our weekly Tuesday Teasers! You can find us on Twitter and Instagram too. Better still, post your photos of you looking puzzled out on a Trail! Tag us and add the hashtag #APuzzlingAutumn!


23rd October 2020

Posted In: Puzzles

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Welcome to the Fifth Edition of TT Strange Times!

TT Strange Times Issue 5 - Keeping Families Entertained

News, ideas and inspiration from us in these strangest of times.

Ah, greetings dear traveller, have you come far? Forsooth, it is time now for the fifth issue of “TT Strange Times”!

While we too are isolating along with the rest of you, we wanted you to have a fun resource for puzzles, games, ideas and information to help us all through these uncertain times.

Each issue has a different theme and for this fifth edition, we wanted to look back in time for future inspiration in the form of our compendium, that for one issue only, is dedicated to…


TT Strange Times: History - there's a lot of it! Do you think this is the original 'Knight Rider'? David Hasselhoff would probably approve but the horse maybe not so much, with that red light constantly swooshing left and right in front of it's eyes...

Brace yourself folks – this is what’s coming up in this edition…

For our Inspirational People for Inspirational Times section, we’ve a fascinating look at early Viking explorer, Leif Erikson, who may or may not have cause to upset Christopher Columbus. (The explorer, not director of ‘Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone‘, ‘Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets‘, ‘Home Alone‘ (both 1 and 2 – Lost in New York’ (featuring a cameo from Donald Trump no less)), ‘Mrs Doubtfire‘ and ‘3-D Rocks‘ among many others).

Although, thinking about it, maybe even he could be a bit upset about it too? Who knows.

Err, anyway, moving on…

As we take a seat in the INDOOR ARENA, we thought we’d go all ‘BBC at Christmas’ and offer you another chance to revisit a historical figure, Ross Poldark – as we encourage you to answer several intriguing questions to discover which Poldark character you are – and then expand on your character choice in a fun way!

Moving outside for our dose of FRESH AIR FUN, we’ll get tethered together to hobble along as we take part in the Three Legged Sprint – event five of utterly unheard of outside of Treasure Trails’ The Treasure Trails Garden Games Modern Pentathlon for 2020.

For Getting YUMMY With It… tonight we’re going to party like it’s 1499 – in the form of the grandest of grand Tudor feasts, the likes of which would probably even give King Henry VIII indigestion!

TT Strange Times: Buff up those lenses - you're gonna need them crystal clear!

Our TOP Five… this time around looks at our choice from the vast amount of fascinating History books (for kids) that are available out there.

So, you’ve seen our suggestions for FRESH AIR FUN – in the form of The Treasure Trails Garden Games Modern Pentathlon for 2020 – but we will be turning the spotlight onto YOU for this edition’s competition!

Submit your entries to us and the best could win a gift voucher to use on your next Trailing adventure.

Once you’ve exhausted yourself physically with all that running around and jumping over stuff, pull up a chair and set the dial to chill, as you have another chance to exercise the ol’ brainy-muscles with our choice of dastardly mind-twisting puzzles.

As always, we hope you enjoy – and don’t forget to share this with friends and family. #TTStrangeTimes

and look – I even managed to get through all this without saying the phrase ‘Ye olde’… Oh…

Anyway, be seeing you!

Editor-in-Chief, Tristan.

TT Strange Times: Stonehenge - the original full-scale Lego set?

Inside this edition of TT Strange Times…

Inspirational People – For Inspirational Times…

A closer look at another inspirational figurehead…

>> Click here to be inspired!

Let’s Get Moving…

Whether you’re inside or outside in your garden, try these fun ideas to keep your mind and body busy!

>> I want to perform in the INDOOR ARENA – or get some FRESH AIR FUN…

Getting YUMMY With it…

With a different recipe or foody suggestion for each issue, there’s no need to get food bored!

>> Yummy, yummy, get in my tummy!

Our TOP Five…

A pick of five top items for this issue, ready for you to delve into…

>> Show me the TOP five items now!

Competition Time!

Why not enter our themed competition? You could win a Treasure Trails gift voucher in preparation for when we can all get back out there!

>> Don’t leave me out – I want to win!

Puzzle Time…

Exercise your mind as well as your body with our selection of quizzes!

>> Stretch my mind please…

Our inspiring quote for this issue:

“It is during our darkest moments that we must focus to see the light” – Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC)

Some awesome upcoming dates…

5th June = World Environment Day

7th June = National Fish and Chips Day

8th June = World Oceans Day & International Best Friends Day

13th June = Cupcake Day

LOVE what you’ve seen?

Then DON’T MISS OUT – sign up to our mailing list below to find out when we have even more fabbo stuff!

5th June 2020

Posted In: Family Fun, Free Stuff, Garden Games, Ideas, Indoor Games, Puzzles, Quizzes, TT Strange Times

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